2008-09 Catalog

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Program Description

Native Studies: Indigenous Americans Before and After Columbus

Revised Last Updated: 01/05/2009

Fall and Winter quarters

Faculty: Frances V. Rains, Ph.D. Native American studies, Bill Bruner (F) economics

Major areas of study include Native American studies, economics, political science and history.

Class Standing: Sophomores or above; transfer students welcome.

This program is not accepting new enrollment winter quarter.

Most of us learned in school that the Americas, at the time of Columbus, were largely vacant lands, generally untouched, occupied by a few small bands of Indigenous peoples. The reality, however, was that immensely successful civilizations that rivaled, and often surpassed, European civilizations inhabited both North and South America. Not long after the conquest, indigenous populations in the "New World" had plummeted, and the remaining Indian peoples lived in poverty and subjugation.

This two-quarter program will investigate the cultures of Indigenous peoples in the Americas both before and after European conquest. In fall quarter, we will begin with an examination of advanced, pre-Columbian civilizations. We will contrast this history with developments during and after European contact and conquest. We will examine living standards of Indigenous peoples in both North and South America and the processes that took them from prosperity to poverty in a relatively short time. Our focus will be on material culture, standards of living, trading patterns, architecture, art and artifacts.

In winter quarter we will continue with our consideration of post-contact history, looking primarily at the period since the Lewis and Clark expedition. We will consider, especially, issues of sovereignty and tribal economic development both historically and in the present day. An over-arching goal of the program will be to understand the concepts of "history" and "civilization."

Our studies will encompass research methods and individual research projects. We will also visit important Indian historical sites in western Washington.

Credits: 16 per quarter

Enrollment: 50 Fall and 25 Winter

Books: www.tescbookstore.com

Special Expenses: $145 dollars for an overnight field trip to the Makah Tribal Museum.

Program is preparatory for careers and future studies in Native American studies, economics, social sciences, law and education.

Planning Units: Native American and World Indigenous Peoples' Studies, Society, Politics, Behavior and Change

Program Revisions

Date Revision
May 12th, 2008 A field trip to the Makah Tribal Museum at a cost of $145 has been added to this program.
December 15th, 2008 Winter enrollment cap (25) added.
January 5th, 2009 Bill Bruner removed as Instructor.