With the toppling of the Berlin wall and the dismantling of the former Soviet Union the last fashion in the economic world and the academia is to talk about neoliberalism and the free market. Rich and industrialized countries from the North are optimistic and they talk about democratization, transition, and growing opportunities, mainly in Latin America. Countries from the region such as Chile and Costa Rica, are portrayed like examples for the entire region which have successfully convened economic liberalism with political democracy. However, these views ignore the fact that the implementation of this model was possible after the armed forces overthrew nationalist and populist governments mainly from South America.
The aim of this program is to analyze Latin American since the Cuban Revolution until today to study the different stages that followed the achievement of neoliberalism in the region. Thus, the aftermath of the Cuban Revolution and the end of the populist experiment of the 1960s, the development of the military state until the end of the 1980s and the neoliberal state will be studied. In this program special emphasis will also be paid to social and political forms of organizations developed by the popular movements of the region to return to democracy. In this context, the role of popular and alternative communication, understood as "a mechanism created by the people for the people" to challenge the authoritarian regimes and their model of society will be extensively analyzed.
Within the above context, the Chilean social formation will be particularly studied considering two aspects: a] popular and alternative communication as a form of resistance expressed through many artistic expressions and the intensive use of video. These elements played a fundamental role in forcing the armed forces to return to their barracks; b] the neoliberal model left in place by the military before the civilians took control which international agencies and the USA portray like the solution for the Third World.
Finally, this program will prepare students who will travel to Chile during the spring quarter of 1998 to participate in the research and production of several documentaries about the topics studied in this program. For more details about this Field School to Chile see the college catalog.
Credits to be granted:
4 - Latin American Studies
4 - Social Research Methods
4 - Social Communication
4 - (Students projects)