Science of Sport

Week 1 –

Hydration – inside vs outside play

Needed for muscle endurance. Before, during & after.

Week 2 –

3 basic measurements

distance [m]

time [s]

mass [kg]

elements of game related to distance: court size, free throw line distance from hoop, height of hoop, height of players

elements of game related to time: game time: quarters vs halves, time outs, time to get ball past half court, time to inbounds play, halftime, shot clock

elements of game related to mass: weight of ball: female vs male, mass of players

Newton’s Laws:

• Law 1 – inertia. – when a ball is rolled inbounds, it continues to roll in a straight line until it crosses the half court line and is picked up by the point guard
• Law 2 – acceleration – a ball is passed to a teammate, but an opposing player swats it out of bounds
• Law 3 – action/reaction – a free throw hits ‘nothing but net’, as the ball hit the net – the net responded with an equal amount of force against the ball.
• Law of Gravity – a player can’t change direction once he jumps up to block a shot; gravity is pushing him down at a constant rate.
Force – as a rebound occurs, the player pulls the ball towards himself; the bigger mass of the player allows more force to be applied.