Ground-Water Hydrology

Spring, 2004

Introduction

Ground-water hydrology, or hydrogeology, focuses on the occurrence, movement, and chemistry of water beneath the Earth's surface. It is a very complex science because of the variable nature of earth materials. We will be examining the physical properties of these materials and how they interact with fluid flow (water). At times it may seem more like "hydrophysics" because of the number of mathematical equations that are used to quantify the movement of water but you need no more that algebra to understand the fundamentals of hydrogeology. The goal of this component is to leave you with an new understanding of ground-water so that you can visualize its occurrence and movement, even if you can't see it.

The reading and homework are very important and must be completed outside of class. Depending on your background, some of the concepts and calculations may be very unfamiliar and it will take time to understand them. The reading it the first step, lecture is the second step, workshop is the third step, and the homework problems are the final part of this process.

Text
Fetter, C. W., 2001, Applied Hydrogeology (Fourth Edition): Prentice-Hall, Inc., New Jersey.
ISBN 0-13-088239-9

Schedule
Lecture Thursday 1:30 - 3:30 Lecture Hall 5, Workshop 4 - 5 CAL
FIRST CLASS WILL BE HELD THURSDAY, APRIL 15th.
BRING A CALCULATOR TO CLASS

 Week Topic Reading (Fetter) 1 & 2 Water & Hydrologic Cycle Chapters 1 & 2 (1-60) 3 Properties of Aquifers Introduction, porosity, specific yield, Darcy's experiment, hydraulic conductivity, permeability Chapter 3 (p. 66-93) 4 Properties of Aquifers Water table, potentiometric surfaces, aquifers, aquifer characteristics, compressibility, homogeneity, isotropy Chapter 3 (p. 93-108) 5 Principles of Ground-Water Flow Hydraulic head, Darcy's law, equations for ground-water flow, flow lines and flow nets, steady flow in confined and unconfined aquifers Chapter 4 (p. 125-146) 6 Ground-water Flow to Wells Computing drawdown, of confined and unconfined aquifers, slug tests Chapter 5 (p. 150-166) 7 Ground-water Flow to Wells Chapter 5 (p. 166-213) 8 Soil Moisture and Ground-Water Recharge Porosity and water content of soils, capillary fringe, soil water, unsaturated flow, water table recharge Chapter 6 (p. 219-234) 9 Regional Ground-Water Flow Unconfined aquifers, confined aquifers, transient flow Chapter 7 (p. 236-278) 10 Exam