I began my studies at the University of Chile, in 1967, and completed my degree in sociology in 1971. I specialized in rural sociology and wrote a thesis entitled, Empresas vitivinícolas integradas: area social o mixta. The same year, 1971, I was hired by the Ministry of Agriculture to work at the Servicio Agrícola y Ganadero, Department of Central Planning. My duties consisted of research for formulating provincial and national agrarian policies. During the same year, 1971, I became Assistant Professor of Social Statistics at the the University of Chile in the Pedagogical Institute. In August of 1973, I successfully mounted my thesis defense which qualified me to hold a degree as a Licenciado en Sociología.
In 1975, I received my M.A. in Sociology from the University of Toronto. My work was in sociology, with an emphasis in Latin American Studies. I wrote a thesis entitled, Economic and Cultural Dependence in Latin America. The University of Toronto, in 1980, again awarded me a degree, this time a Ph.D. in Sociology. During this period I continued working in Latin American Studies with an emphasis on education, political economy, and communications. My final thesis was, Cuba: From Primitive Accumulation of Capital to Socialism.
The following is a list of my publications: