Time:  Spring 1999 
Faculty:  Jorge Gilbert 
Enrolment:  15 students 
Credits:  16 (equivalencies depend on student projects 

Despite the fact that a large segment of Chile's population is of European extraction, the indigenous traditions from the Americas are strong and visible in several parts of the country. The desert north, once part of the Inca Empire, preserves important archeological remains, while Aymara Indians still farm the valleys and terraces of the Andes. South of the Chilean heartland, the Mapuche Indians inhabit communities whose symbolic importance in Chilean life greatly exceeds their political and economic significance. Until the end of the 19th century, the Mapuche maintained an effective and heroic resistance to the southward advance of Chilean rule and its expansionist goals. Cities like Temuco and Osorno are the home of most of this native population. Chile's tremendous geographic diversity, and surprising cultural variety, have made it an important destination in its own right.