Kopytko, N., Cushing, J., Zeman, L., Stevenson-Molnar, N., Martin, F., Kelley, E.  2009.  Making Ecology Research Results Useful for Resource Management:  A Case Study in Visual Analytics.  Digital Government Conference.  (DG.O 2009). [pdf]


Nadkarni, N. M., A.C.S. McIntosh, and J. B. Cushing. 2008. A conceptual framework to categorize perceptions and understanding of forest structure. Forest Ecology and Management 256: 872-882. [pdf] 

Cushing, J., Kaplan, N., Laney, C., Mallett, J., Ramsey, K., Vanderbilt, K., Zeman, L.  2008.  Integrating Ecological Data:  Notes from the Grasslands ANPP Data Integration Project.  Ecological Information Management (EIM), Albuquerque, N.M.  (Paper Invited and submitted to special issue in Ecology Informatics) [pdf]


McIntosh, A.C.S., Cushing, J.B., Nadkarni, N.M., and Zeman, L.. 2007. Database design for ecologists: composing core entities with observations. Ecological Informatics 2:224–236 [pdf].

Nadkarni, N.M. 2007. Tree-Climbing Scientist Makes Surprising Discovery.

Cushing, J.B., Fiala, A.C.S., Nadkarni, N.M., Zeman, L., Delcambre, L., Maier, D., Martin, F., and Crosland, A. 2007. From Measurement to Management: Evidence-Based Practice in Natural Resource Management. Poster presented at Digital Government 2007 conference in Philadelophia, U.S.A., May 21, 2007.

Sloan, E.J., Fiala, A.C.S., Cotton, K.L., Burke, S.M., Craig, M.H., Nadkarni, N.M., and Auman, A.J.. 2007. Microbial Community Analysis by Examination of Carbon Source Utilization Patterns by Gifford Pinchot National Forest Tree Canopy Soils. Poster presented at the 107th General Meeting of the American Society of Microbiologists, Toronto, Canada, May 21-24, 2007 [pdf].

Sloan, E.J., Cotton, K.L., Burke, S.M., Craigh, M.H., Fiala, A.C.S., Nadkarni, N.M., and Auman, A.J.. 2007. Molecular Analysis of Microbes from Tree Canopy and Ground Soils in Gifford Pinchot National Forest, Washington. Poster presented at the 107th General Meeting of the American Society of Microbiologists, Toronto, Canada, May 21-24, 2007 [pdf].

Cushing, J.B., N.M. Nadkarni, M. Finch, A.C.S. Fiala, E. Murphy-Hill, L. Delcambre, and D. Maier. 2007. Component-based end-user database design for ecologists. Journal of Intelligent Information Systems. 29(1): 7-24. [pdf].

Cushing, J., Fiala, A., Nadkarni, N.  2007. Semantics for Integrating Forest Structure Data. Int’l Society for Molecular Biology Conference – Public Library of Science (PLOS) Track, Vienna. [pdf]


National Geographic's Wild Chronicles aired a segment on the Canopy Confluence in Winter 2006.

Fiala, A.C.S., Cushing, J.B., Nadkarni, N.M. 2006. Conceptual structures, database design, and visualiation for forest canopy ecologists. Talk presented at the 5th International Ecoinformatics Conference, Santa Barbara, December 5, 2006 [pdf].

Zeman, L., Cushing, J.B., Nadkarni, N.M., Fiala, A.C.S., and Pierce, C., 2006. The CanopyView Visualization Project. Poster and Demonstration., IEEE VISUALIZATION 2006, Baltimore, MD, USA [pdf].

Cushing, J.B., Nadkarni, N.M., Fiala, A.C.S., Zeman, L.,Pierce, C., and Cantin, J. 2006. Canopy Database Project: Data Management and Visualization for Forest Ecologists. Poster presented at LTER All Scientist's Meeting, 2006, Estes Park, CO, USA [pdf].

Sermonti, A. 2006. Extreme Research: Evergreen Edition - article on the Canopy Confluence published in the Evergreen Alumni magazine. [pdf].

Nadkarni, N.M. 2006. Unpublished Final Report: The Canopy Confluence, August 13-25, 2006. [pdf].



Cushing, J.B., A.C.S. Fiala, M. Finch, N. Kaplan, E. Melendez-Colom, N.M. Nadkarni, K. Ramsey, K. Vanderbilt, and J. Walsh. 2004. Database tools for ecological data integration and synthesis. Poster presented at the Ecological Society of America 89th Annual Meeting, Portland, OR, August 1-6 2004 [pdf]

Heyman, K. 2004. Visualizing healthy forests: DG researchers explore ways of developing new software for monitoring ecosystems, Digital Government News Story, July 2004

Van Pelt, R., and N. M. Nadkarni. 2004. Horizontal and vertical distribution of canopy structural elements of Pseudotsuga menziesii forests in the Pacific Northwest. Forest Science 50:326-341. [pdf]

Nadkarni, N. M. 2004. Not preaching to the choir: communicating the importance of forest conservation to nontraditional audiences. Conservation Biology 18:602-606. [pdf]


Cushing, J. B., N. M. Nadkarni, B. Bond, and R. Dial. 2003. How trees and forests inform biodiversity and ecosystem informatics. Computing in Science & Engineering 5:32-43. [pdf]

Nadkarni, N.M., and J.B. Cushing. 2003. The Canopy Database Project: An Informatics Resource for LTER Information Managers and Researchers. Workshop presented at the 2003 LTER All Scientist's Meeting. Seattle, WA. September 19, 2003.

Schnase, J., J. B. Cushing, M. Frame, A. Frondorf, E. Landis, D. Maier, and A. Silberschatz. 2003. Information technology challenges of biodiversity and ecosystems informatics. Special Issue on Data Management in Bioinformatics, Information Systems 28:339-345.


Cushing, J. B., K. Bergen, Y. Ioannidis, J. Kennedy, and R. Miller. 2002d. VLDB panel on biodiversity and ecosystem informatics - research, technology transfer, or application development. in 28th International Conference on Very Large Databases (VLDB), Hong Kong, China.


Cushing, J. B., N. M. Nadkarni, L. Delcambre, K. Healy, D. Maier, and E. Ordway. 2002. Template-driven end-user ecological database design. in SCI2002, Orlando, FL.

Cushing, J. B., N. M. Nadkarni, L. Delcambre, K. Healy, D. Maier, and E. Ordway. 2002. The development of databases and database tools for forest canopy researchers: a model for database enhancement in the ecological sciences. in International Conference on Advances in Infrastructure for Electronic Business, Education, Science and Medicine on the Internet (SSGRR), L'Aquila, Italy.


Cushing, J. B., and K. Healy. 2001. UML tutorial - a case study approach. in Pacific Northwest Region, Consortium for Computing Sciences in Colleges, Tacoma, WA.

Maier, D., E. Landis, A. Frondorf, A. Silverschatz, J. Schnase, and J. B. Cushing. 2001. Report of an NSF, USGS, NASA workshop on biodiversity and ecosystem informatics. in NSF, USGS, NASA Workshop on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Informatics, Greenbelt, MD.

Nadkarni, N. M. 2001. Enhancement of forest canopy research, education, and conservation in the new millenium. Plant Ecology 153:361-367. [pdf]

Nadkarni, N. M., and J. B. Cushing. 2001. Lasers in the jungle: the forest canopy database project. Bulletin of the Ecological Society of America 82:200-201 [pdf]


Cushing, J. B. 2000. Scientific metadata - making meaning from the numbers, invited talk. in 20th Anniversary of Computer Science Department, Oregon Graduate Institute., Portland, OR.

Prior to 2000

Cushing, J. B., N. M. Nadkarni, D. Maier, S. Knackstedt, B. Lyons, and L. Delcambre. 1997. Database support for forest canopy researchers metadata as a byproduct of research process. in The conference on scientific and technical data exchange and integration sponsored by U. S. national committee for CODATA.

Nadkarni, N. M., G. G. Parker, E. D. Ford, J. B. Cushing, and C. Stallman. 1996. The International Canopy Network: a pathway for interdisciplinary exchange of scientific information on forest canopies. Northwest Science 70:104-108. [pdf]

Nadkarni, N. M. and J.B. Cushing. 1995. Final Report: Designing the forest canopy researcher's workbench: computer tools for the 21st century, Olympia, WA: International Canopy Network.

Nadkarni, N. M., and G. G. Parker. 1994. A profile of forest canopy science and scientists - who we are, what we want to know, and obstacles we face: results of an international survey. Selbyana 15:38-50. [pdf]